Upper GI Endoscopy
What is Upper Gastrointestinal (GI) Endoscopy?
An Upper GI Endoscopy is a procedure that uses a lighted, flexible endoscope to see inside the upper GI tract. The upper GI tract includes the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum-the first part of the small intestine.
How to Prepare for an Upper GI Endoscopy
The upper GI tract must be empty before an Upper GI Endoscopy. Generally, no eating or drinking is allowed for 4 to 8 hours before the procedure. Smoking and chewing gum are also prohibited during this time. Patients should tell their doctor about all health conditions they have-especially heart and lung problems, diabetes, and allergies – and all medications they are taking. Patients may be asked to temporarily stop taking medications that can affect blood clotting or interact with sedatives, which are often given during upper GI endoscopy. Medications and vitamins that may be restricted before and after upper GI endoscopy include:
- non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil), and naproxen (Aleve)
- blood thinners
- blood pressure medications
- diabetes medications
- dietary supplements
Driving is not permitted for 12 to 24 hours after upper GI endoscopy to allow sedatives time to completely wear off. Before the appointment, patients should make plans for a ride home.